WARUNG KOPI, MEDIA DAN KONSTRUKSI RUANG PUBLIK DI MAKASSAR

Andi Faisal, Heddy Shri Ahimsa Putra, Wisma Ch. R. Nugraha

Abstract


In the last 15 years, especially in Makassar, there was a tendency for private and public activities at coffee shops. This study aims to reveal the practices and power relations that shape the reality of the public space of coffee shops in Makassar, both as public space and as a public sphere by using ethnographic methods and cultural studies analysis approach. The primary data collection was carried out through participant observation and in-depth interviews, while secondary data through note-taking techniques and photo documentation. The results showed that mass media had a significant role in shaping the reality of coffee shops. Strategic coalitions between coffee shop owners, radio stations (such as Mercurius FM and Fajar FM) and coffee connoisseurs have an impact on the commodification of public spaces in coffee shops. Print media such as Fajar and Tribun Timur also contribute in constructing reality with its own framing to obtain "news value that sells". Therefore, coffee shops in Makassar are not merely becoming spaces of (social) politics, but are also politicized through the politics of space for the benefit of each party.


References


Adityo, B. 2013. Ruang Publik ala Yogyakarta: Studi tentang Pergeseran Struktur Ruang Publik di Yogyakarta (Kasus Tumbuhnya Ruang Publik di Angkringan, Warung Kopi Blandongan, dan Toko Ritel Modern Circle K). Skripsi: Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, tersedia di http://lib.ugm.ac.id/ind/?page_id=248, diunduh pada 09 Juli 2015

Alwi, A. 2014a. Karakteristik Pengunjung di Ruang Publik Kota Mara, Baubau, Sulawesi Tenggara. Laporan Penelitian: Lembaga Penelitian Unhas, Makassar, tersedia di http://repository.unhas.ac.id/handle/123456789/12768, diunduh pada 05 Juni 2015

_____. 2014b. Persepsi Pengunjung terhadap Ketersediaan Sarana Penunjang Ruang Publik Kota Mara, Baubau, Sulawesi Tenggara, Laporan Penelitian: Lembaga Penelitian Unhas: Makassar, tersedia di http://repository.unhas.ac.id/handle/123456789/12769, diunduh pada 05 Juni 2015

Arendt, H. 1998. The Human Condition. Chicago: Chicago Univ. Press

Benhabib, S. 1992. Model of Public Space: Hannah Arendt, the Liberal Tradition, and Jurgen Habermas. Dalam C. Calhoun (ed), Habermas and the Public Sphere. Massachusetts: MIT Press, hal. 73-74

Bernstein, R. J. 2012. The Normative Core of the Public Sphere. Jurnal Political Theory, vol. 40(6) (2012), tersedia di http://ptx.sagepub.com/content/40/6/767.full.pdf, diunduh pada 9 November 2014

Bloch, R. H. 2005. Inside and Outside the Public Sphere. Jurnal The William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, Vol. 62, No. 1 (Jan., 2005), Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, tersedia di http://www.jstor.org/stable/3491624?origin=JSTOR-pdf, diunduh pada 10 November 2014

Bourdieu, P. 2005. The Social Structures of the Economy. Cambridge: Polity

Brill, M. 1989. Transformation, Nostalgia, and Illusion in Public Life and Public Place. Dalam Altman & E. H. Zube (eds.), Public Places and Spaces. New York: Plenum, hal. 7-29

Brooke, J. L. 2005. On the Edges of the Public Sphere. Jurnal The William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, Vol. 62, No. 1 (Jan, 2005), Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, tersedia di http://www.jstor.org/stable/3491623?origin=JSTOR-pdf, diunduh pada 10 November 2014

Calhoun, C. 2010. The Public Sphere in the Field of Power. Jurnal Social Science History 34 (3, 2010), tersedia di http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/42319/, diunduh pada 10 Desember 2014

Calhoun, C. 1992. Introduction: Habermas and the Public Sphere. Dalam C. Calhoun (ed.), Habermas and the Public Sphere. Massachusetts: MIT Press

Carr, S., Rivlin, L. G., & Stone, A. M. 1992. Public Space. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Castells, M. 2000. The Rise of the Network Society. Oxford UK: Blackwell.

Cowan, B. 2001. What Was Masculine about the Public Sphere? Gender and the Coffeehouse Milieu in Post-Restoration England. Jurnal History Workshop Journal, No. 51, Spring, 2001, tersedia di http://www.jstor.org/stable/4289724?origin=JSTOR-pdf, diunduh pada 14 Mei 2014

Cowan, B. 2004. Mr. Spectator and the Coffeehouse Public Sphere. Jurnal Eighteenth-Century Studies, Vol. 37, No. 3, Critical Networks (Spring), tersedia di http://www.jstor.org/stable/25098064?origin=JSTOR-pdf, diunduh pada 14 Mei 2014

Cowan, B. 2005. The Social Life of Coffee: The Emergence of the British Coffeehouse. New Haven & London: Yale University Press

Crossley, N. & Robert, M. 2004. Introduction. Dalam N. Crossley & J. M. Robert (eds.), After Habermas: New Perspectives on the Public Sphere. Malden: Blackwell Publishing, hal. 13

Eagleton, T. 2003. After Theory. London: Allen Lane

Edelman, M. 1995. From Art to Politics: How Artistic Creations Shape Political Conceptions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Ellis, M. 2008. An Introduction to the Coffee-house: A Discursive Model. Jurnal Language and Communication vol. 28, Issue 2, 2008, tersedia di http://gen.lib.rus.ec/scimag/get.php?doi=10.1016%2Fj.langcom.2008.01.004, diunduh 10 November 2014

Faisal, A. 2015. Warung-warung Kopi di Makassar sebagai Ruang Publik (Politis) Kontemporer. Dalam Budiawan (ed.), Media (Baru), Tubuh, dan Ruang Publik: Esai-esai Kajian Budaya dan Media. Yogyakarta: Jalasutra

Firmasyah, E. O. 2014. Pemanfaatan Warung Kopi sebagai Ruang Publik di Kota Banda Aceh, Skripsi: Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, tersedia di http://lib.ugm.ac.id/ind/?page_id=248, diunduh pada 09 Juli 2015

Fraser, N. 1992. Rethinking the Public Sphere: a Contribution to The Critique of Actually Existing Democracy. Dalam C. Calhoun (ed.), Habermas and the Public Sphere. MIT Press: Massachusetts, hal. 113-118

Goodsell, C. T. 2003. The Concept of Public Space and Its Democratic Manifestations. Jurnal The American Review of Public Administration, Vol. 33 No. 4, December 2003, tersedia di http://arp.sagepub.com/content/33/4/361, diunduh pada 10 November 2014

Gottdiener, M. 1997. The Social Production of Urban Space. Texas: University of Texas Press

Gramsci, A. 1996. Selections from the Prison Notebooks. London: Lawrence and Wishart

Grossman, E. 2000. Radical Spatial Practices/Radical Public Spheres. Jurnal Thresholds, Vol. 21

Habermas, J. 1993. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society. Massachusetts: MIT Press

Habermas, J. 2002. The Public Sphere: An Encyclopedia Article. Dalam (eds.), M. Durham & D. Kellner Media and Cultural Studies. Massachusetts: Blackwell

Hardiman, F. B. 1993. Menuju Masyarakat Komunikatif. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Habermas, J. 2010. Pendahuluan. Dalam F. Hardiman (ed.), Ruang Publik: Melacak “Partisipasi Demokratis” dari Polis sampai Cyberspace. Yogyakarta: Kanisius

Habermas, J. 2010. Komersialisasi Ruang Publik Menurut Hannah Arendt dan Jurgen Habermas. Dalam F. Hardiman (ed.), Ruang Publik: Melacak Partisipasi Demokratis dari Polis sampai Cyberspace. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, hal. 114-115

Harvey, D. 2001. Spaces of Capital: towards a Critical Geography. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press

Henaff, M. & Strong, T. B. 2001. Public Space and Democracy. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Herdiawan, N. 2014. Pembentukan Solidaritas Sosial pada Warung Kopi Blandongan (Suatu Studi Kasus tentang Warung Kopi Blandongan. Skripsi: Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, tersedia di http://lib.ugm.ac.id/ind/?page_id=248, diunduh pada 09 Juli 2015

Hurd, M. 2000. Class, Masculinity, Manners and Mores: Public Space and Public Sphere in Nineteenth-Century Europe. Jurnal Social Science History, Vol. 24, 1, Spring 2000, tersedia di http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/ssh/summary/v024/24.1hurd.html, diunduh pada 16 Maret 2015

Kapferer, J. 2007. Constructing a Public Sphere: Materiality and Ideology. Jurnal Social Analysis: The International Journal of Social and Cultural Practice, Vol. 51, No.1 (SPRING 2007), tersedia di http://www.jstor.org/stable/23182143?origin=JSTOR-pdf, diunduh pada 7 November 2014

Kasnaeny K. 2014. Motif Patronase Pelanggan Warung Kopi di Makassar (Studi pada Pelanggan Kelas Menengah-Atas). Disertasi: Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, tersedia di http://www.digilib.ub.ac.id/bkg/detil.aspx, diunduh pada 09 Juli 2015

Kusno, A. 2009. Ruang Publik, Identitas, dan Memori Kolektif: Jakarta Pasca-Suharto. Yogyakarta: Ombak

Landes, B. J. 1984. Women and the Public Sphere: A Modern Perspective. Jurnal Social Analysis: The International Journal of Social and Cultural Practice, No. 15, Gender and Social Life, August 1984, tersedia di http://www.jstor.org/stable/23169275?origin=JSTOR-pdf, diunduh pada 10 November 2014

Lefebvre, H. 1991. The Production of Space. Oxford: Basic Blackwell

Lefebvre, H. 1996. Writing on Cities. London: Blackwell

Lefebvre, H. 2009. State, Space, World: Selected Essays. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press

Lestari, D. I. 2009. Sejarah Warung Kopi Blandongan dan Makna Pendidikannya (Sebuah Studi tentang Perkembangan Warung Kopi dan Identitas Anak Muda), Skripsi: Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang

Loukaitou-Sideris, A. & Ehrenfeutch, R. 2009. Sidewalks: Conflict and Negotiation over Public Space. London: MIT Press

Low, S. 2000. On the Plaza: The Politics of Public Space and Culture. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Low, S. & Smith, N. 2006. Introduction: The Imperative of the Public Space. Dalam S. Low & N. Smith (eds.), The Politics of Public Space. London: Routledge, hal. 3-7

Markus, T. A. 1993. Buildings and Power: Freedom and Control in the Origin of Modern Building Types. London: Routledge.

Massey, D. 2005. For Space. London: Sage

Mitchell, D. 2003. The Right to the City: Social Justice and the Fight for Public Space. New York & London: The Guilford Press

Moleong, L. J. 2006. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Rosda

McCarthy, T. 1992. Practical Discourse: On the Relation of Morality to Politics. Dalam C. Calhoun (ed.), Habermas and the Public Sphere Massachusetts: MIT Press, hal. 52-68

McKeon, M. 2004. Parsing Habermas's "Bourgeois Public Sphere. Jurnal Criticism, Vol. 46, No. 2, Special Issue: When Is a Public Sphere?, Spring 2004, tersedia di http://www.jstor.org/stable/23127274?origin=JSTOR-pdf, diunduh pada 14 Mei 2014

McKee, A. 2005. The Public Sphere: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Moleong, L. J. 2006. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Rosda

Mosco, V. 2009. Political Economy of Communication. London: Sage

Neal, Z. P. 2010. Locating Public Space. Dalam A. M. Orum & Z. P. Neal (eds.), Commons Grounds? Reading and Reflections on Public Space. London: Routledge, hal. 5-10

Negt, A. & Kluge. 1993. Public Sphere and Experience: Towards an Analysis of the Bourgeois and Proletarian Public Sphere. London: University of Minnesota Press

Novitayani. 2014. Warung Kopi sebagai Sarana Komunikasi dan Sumber Informasi bagi Profesi Wartawan, Tesis: Universitas Sumatra Utara, Medan, tersedia di http://repository.usu.ac.id/handle/123456789/45982, diunduh pada 09 Juli 2015

Ompusunggu, M. P. 2014. Gaya Hidup dan Fenomena Perilaku Konsumen pada Warung Kopi di Malang, Tesis: Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, tersedia di http://www.digilib.ub.ac.id/bkg/detil.aspx, diunduh pada 09 Juli 2015

Pambayun, R. 2011. Kontestasi “Kebenaran” Seksualitas di Warung Kopi dalam Perspektif Sakral dan Profan (Studi Genealogi Foucault pada Warung Kopi Pangku di Desa Malasan, Trenggalek. Tesis: Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, tersedia di http://www.digilib.ub.ac.id/bkg/detil.aspx, diunduh pada 09 Juli 2015

Perdana, A. P. 2015. Interaksi dan Budaya Komunikasi dalam Kedai Kopi Tradisional (Studi Etnografi pada Dua Kedai Kopi Tradisional di Kota Malang). Skripsi: Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, tersedia di http://www.digilib.ub.ac.id/bkg/detil.aspx, diunduh pada 09 Juli 2015

Pincus, S. 1995. Coffee Politicians Does Create": Coffeehouses and Restoration Political Culture. Jurnal The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 67, No. 4, Dec 1995, tersedia di http://www.jstor.org/stable/2124756?origin=JSTOR-pdf, diunduh pada 10 November 2014

Priyono, H. B. 2010. Menyelamatkan Ruang Publik. Dalam F. B. Hardiman (ed.), Ruang Publik: Melacak “Partisipasi Demokratis” dari Polis sampai Cyberspace. Yogyakarta: Kanisius

Rahayu, M. 2014. Dualisme Tradisional-Modern pada Gaya Hidup Orang Aceh (Kasus Warung Kopi di Banda Aceh). Skripsi: Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, tersedia di http://lib.ugm.ac.id/ind/?page_id=248, diunduh pada 09 Juli 2015

Ratna, N. K. 2010. Metodologi Penelitian Kajian Budaya dan Ilmu-ilmu Sosial Humaniora pada Umumnya. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar

Riswan, A. 2013. Perkembangan Warung Kopi Phoenam 1946-2006. Skripsi: Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar, tersedia di http://repository.unhas.ac.id/handle/123456789/6032, diunduh pada 09 Juli 2015

Saukko, P. 2003. Doing Research in Cultural Studies: an Introduction to Classical and New Methodological Approaches. London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi: Sage Publications

Simon, R. 2004. Gagasan-gagasan Politik Gramsci. Yogyakarta: Insist dan Pustaka Pelajar

Spradley, J. P. 2006. Metode Etnografi. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana

Sudibyo, A. 2012. Politik Otentik: Manusia dan Kebebasan dalam Pemikiran Hannah Arendt. Tangerang: Marjin Kiri

Thomson, P. 2008. Field. Dalam M. Grenfell (ed.), Pierre Bourdieu: Key Concepts. Durham: Acumen Publishing

Wibowo, A. S. 2010. Kepublikan dan Keprivatan di dalam Polis Yunani Kuno. Dalam F. Hardiman (ed.), Ruang Publik: Melacak “Partisipasi Demokratis” dari Polis sampai Cyberspace, Yogyakarta: Kanisius, hal. 2-61

Wijaya, B. S. & Faisal, A. 2017. Political Branding, Public Space/Sphere and the Corruption of Communication. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, Vol. 84, hal. 280-284. DOI: 10.2991/iconeg-16.2017.63

Zieleniec, A. 2007. Space and Social Theory. London: Sage


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.


Indexed by:

http://journal.bakrie.ac.id/public/site/images/admin/googlescholar_logo_120http://journal.bakrie.ac.id/public/site/images/admin/garuda1_120_01http://journal.bakrie.ac.id/public/site/images/admin/neliti-blue_02_120 http://journal.bakrie.ac.id/public/site/images/bambang/onesearch_1_160

Listed in:

http://journal.bakrie.ac.id/public/site/images/bambang/iamcr_120

INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR MEDIA AND COMMUNICATION RESEARCH